Ezra S. Wanless

Ezra S. Wanless

Male 1838-1839 - 1864  (25 years)

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  • Name Ezra S. Wanless 
    Born 1838-1839  Pocahontas Co, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Census From 1850 to 1860  Pocahontas Co, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Military Service From 16 Sep 1862 to 18 Jan 1864  Upshur Co, Virginia (now West Virginia) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    133rd Militia (Union) 
      Captain Daniel Gould's Company "C"
      Mustered in 16 Sept 1862 at Buckhannon, West Virginia
      Enlisted Men:
      AERA (ESRA) S. WANLESS - Captured 12 Sep 1863 at Centerville, W.Va. Died 18 Jan 1864.

      NARA M347. "Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records"
      E. Wanless, Pvt, Co C, 133rd Regt VA
      appears on a register of General Hospital, Howard's Grove, Richmond, VA
      disease: variola conft.
      admitted 20 Jan 1864
      died 10 Feb 1864
      remarks: chronic diarrhoea
    Died 18 Jan 1864 
    Alt. Death 10 Feb 1864  Richmond, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • There is a tantalizing E. Wanless, age 22, a farmer from VA, in the 1862-63 Military Census in McHenry Co, Ill.

      Why did he enlist in Upshur Co, when his parents lived in Pocahontas? Was he visiting relatives at the time of enlistment?

      His militia unit was captured while drilling in the fields near Centerville, now Rock Cave. He was imprisoned in Richmond, where he died a few months later when smallpox swept through the prisons and camps.

      Letter from A.I. Boreman, Governor, to Brig. Gen. S.A. Meredith, Commissioner for Exchange, Fortress Monroe, dated Wheeling, W. VA 14 Oct 1863: "...on the __ day of Sept 1863, while Capt. Daniel Gould's company, of one hundred and thirty-third Regiment West Virginia Militia, were drilling at Centerville, Upshur County, seventy-three of the company, including the captain and other officers, were captured with their arms and were carried off and are still prisoners in the hands of the enemy. The rebels at the same time captured and carried off Jacob Bash, a private, unarmed citizen. I inclose you a list of those captured and request that you will interest yourself in their behalf and effect their exchange as speedily as possible."
      A reply sent on Oct 21st indicated that currently no exchanges were taking place.
      Letter from J.A. Campbell, Assistant Sec'y of War, Confederate States War Dept, to Brig. Gen. John H. Winder, dated 3 Feb 1864 at Richmond VA: "You will hold as prisoners of war, subject to orders of Robert Ould, commissioner of exchange, Daniel Gould and his fifty-six associates, the subject of Isaac H. Carrington Esq's report No. 492, who were captured in Upshur County, VA while drilling as militia under orders of the treasonable government of Virginia."
      [The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1899; http://books.google.com/books?id=G7s9AAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA378&ots=UCaFDLST-W&dq=upshur%20militia%20Captain%20Daniel%20Gould's%20Company&pg=PA378#v=onepage&q=upshur%20militia%20Captain%20Daniel%20Gould's%20Company&f=false]
      Company C formed in September 1862 with about 70 men. After their initial training, the men were only required to muster once per week in Centerville, which is now known as Rock Cave. The unit was under the command of Daniel Gould.

      One person deserted the ranks, J.C. Eagle, according to the historical marker at the Rock Cave site, and he fled south to join the Confederacy as a scout. In the summer of 1863, Confederate forces commanded by Major J.K. Kesler had marched to Bulltown to attack Union troops, but found those soldiers had moved to Clarksburg.

      Using the scout's information about the Upshur County unit, Kesler moved his troops along the Little Kanawha River through Fidler's Mill and on to Centerville. William Fidler, who was rounding up cattle, saw the rebel raiders crossing his farm, and he is said to have recognized many of the Confederate soldiers.

      The Confederate troops arrived near the Upshur unit's drill site early on Sept. 12, 1863, using the cover of the dense woods to conceal its whereabouts. As Company C prepared to drill in front of family and friends on what started out to be more of a social gathering, it was noticed that George and Henry Eagle, the father and brother of J.C. Eagle, did not answer at the morning's roll call.

      Company C took to the open field with empty rifles, leaving themselves vulnerable when the raiders stormed out of the hills.

      The first casualty, according to the historical marker, was a man named Amos Samples, who was wounded in the leg.

      When others tried to get to the fort for ammunition, the Confederate soldiers set fire to the structure.

      The captured soldiers were allowed to say good-bye to their loved ones before being marched to the southern prisons in Virginia. The historical marker stated that of the 70 men who were captured, seven were able to escape, 25 received paroles and 43 died in prison.
    Person ID I153  1: Ralph(?) & Margaret Wandless or Wanless
    Last Modified 25 Dec 2013 

    Father Ralph Wanless,   b. 18 Mar 1799, (probably) Bath Co, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1861, Pocahontas Co, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Anna Poage,   b. 1800-1810,   d. Abt Jul 1847, Pocahontas Co, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 4 Jan 1827  Pocahontas Co, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F30  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S3] Marriage Records - Pocahontas Co, WV, RALPH WANLESS MD. ANNE POAGE 4 JAN 1827. SURETY, RALPH WANLESS AND GEORGE POAGE. (Reliability: 3).